LLMC-Digital provides access to online facsimiles of millions of pages of printed material representing more than 4,000 titles relating to the history of law. This material is divided into seven major content areas: U.S. Federal Government, U.S. States, U.S. Territories, Anglo-American Collections, Foreign Jurisdictions, International Law and Organizations, and Multi-Jurisdiction Subject Collections. The content in these areas is particularly focused on the following subjects:
Legal History of the British Empire
LLMC-Digital has perhaps the most comprehensive collection of material on law in the former British Empire available online. Researchers looking at the legal history of Canada, India, the British Caribbean, mandate Palestine, and Commonwealth nations in Africa, and the United Kingdom proper will find extensive source matwrilas in LLMC-Digital. The database includes nearly every reported case from the British Empire before 1900. While much of this material for Canada, Australia, and the United Kingdom is also available through other providers, material for other parts of the empire—such as Malaysia, India, and the Caribbean—is unique. For example, LLMC-Digital provides the only online access to the decisions of courts in India prior to 1850, as well as the complete seventeen volumes of Malaysia/Singapore law reports for 1926–42. LLMC-Digital also allows scholars access to much more recent material than is available in other databases, such as the statutes and laws of the island of Anguilla from the 1970s and the 1966 constitutional proceedings from the Windward Islands. This collection, largely derived from the authoritative bibliography of British Imperial law by LLMC’s Director of Content Development Jerry Dupont, is a critical resource for researchers interested in the history of the British Empire.1
U.S. Federal Law
LLMC-Digital, with nearly 400 titles relating to U.S. federal law, is a diverse collection with strengths in a few particular areas. Though a legal history database, LLMC-Digital has wisely chosen to focus on legislative, executive, and judicial texts outside the traditional scope of other historical legal resources. Like many other providers, LLMC-Digital includes all the reported cases of the U.S. Supreme court up to a recent date, and all the compiled statutes of the U.S. Although it lacks a particularly strong collection of federal case reports or individual laws, LLMC-Digital contains many mid-20th century pamphlets, reports, and statistics published by the Government Printing Office relating to law and diplomacy that are not available online elsewhere. It also contains a good collection of difficult-to-find administrative agency reports (such as the National Labor Relations Board). LLMC-Digital also offers more than 100 published reports and documents about the federal judicial system, including a host of texts from the Federal Judicial Center dating from the 1970s. Although some of these reports are available online through U.S. government outlets, a greater number are not. Researchers looking for an eclectic mix of print material about the workings of the federal government in the 20th century will find this section of LLMC-Digital useful.
U.S. State Law
LLMC-Digital holds more than 800 titles relating to the law and government of U.S. states. These include large sets of printed case reports, laws, and government reports, in some cases totaling over 1,000 volumes for a given state. Researchers looking for cases from state appellate courts, session laws, and opinions of state attorneys general will find them here. This state material is most comprehensive for the period before the 1920s and does not include the proceedings and minutes of state legislatures. LLMC-Digital contains especially good coverage for the states of Pennsylvania, New York, and Hawaii, including digitized copies of local law journals, legal newspapers, and copious official publications. It also includes a limited number of documents related to state constitutions and constitutional conventions (notably for Colorado, Illinois, and Virginia). The majority of this content can also be found through databases like Westlaw and LexisNexis, but not in page image form. Note that LLMC-Digital’s state law collection largely does not include the proceedings and minutes of State legislatures though LLMC-Digital promises that many new digitized titles in this area are forthcoming.
Haiti Legal Patrimony Collection
After the devastating 2010 earthquake in Haiti, LLMC-Digital combined forces with major research libraries to build a digital repository for primary sources on the Haitian law and government. The project, now near completion, has made over 600 titles available online through LLMC-Digital. This spectacular collection of material, including some in manuscript, had previously been relatively untouched in digitization initiatives. Although the majority of the titles available date from the 20th century, they were often very difficult to find either in print or online. Due to the nature of the collaborative scanning project, most of this material is available for free online through the Library of Congress or the University of Florida.
Treaties and Documents Relating to Native American Legal History
LLMC-Digital holds an impressive collection of more than 370 constitutions, treaties, and laws associated with Native American communities in the United States. Over 90 percent of these texts date from the period 1935-45 when the codification and formation of Native American law reached a fevered pitch. Hein Online’s American Indian Law Collection has recently mirrored most of this content and a significant number of titles from the collection can also be found through the Native American Constitution and Law Digitization Project at the University of Oklahoma. However, LLMC-Digital does provide access to a few recent reference and bibliographical works unavailable elsewhere online.
Legal Treatises and Guides
LLMC-Digital contains hundreds of legal treatises, textbooks, and commentaries. The majority concern Anglo-American law and date from the 19th and early 20th centuries. However, the database also includes older titles from the 17th and 18th century as well as texts on international law, comparative law, and legal philosophy. A large number of the treatises in LLMC-Digital are also available publicly on the web or through other database providers such as Gale’s Making of Modern Law. However, LLMC-Digital often provides access to alternate editions or later printings of treatises than are available elsewhere. For instance, LLMC-Digital holds a scarce 1854 Boston edition of a popular landlord and tenant legal guide whereas Gale’s Making of Modern Law has only an earlier edition. In addition, the LLMC-Digital collection contains an important set of editions and works concerning the great English jurist Sir William Blackstone. Editions of Blackstone are commonplace on the web, but LLMC-Digital offers researchers 107 titles relating to his work, including 20 editions of his Commentaries on the Laws of England published before 1800.
American Military Law
There are close to 300 titles on United States military law in LLMC-Digital, including volumes of court martial reports, historical manuals on military law, and primary documents issued by military authorities during times of war. A large part of the collection however is made up of theses written by officers completing Judge Advocate General training. Of the more than 100 theses on military law topics, close to half seem to be also available through U.S. government web outlets.
Canon Law Treatises
LLMC-Digital contains nearly 60 primary and secondary titles relating to Canon law, including texts dating to the 15th century and into the 20th. The collection is particularly strong in French commentaries and sources from the 19th century as well as compilations of tribunal proceedings at the Roman Rota. While primary sources and manuscripts on medieval and early modern law can be found digitized in many places on the web, LLMC-Digital’s collection of more modern Canon law works is quite unique.
World Legal Systems
LLMC-Digital provides researchers with access to primary documents on the law and legal system of 51 countries or jurisdictions (though a list of nearly 190 countries appears in a dropdown menu on the site). As noted above, LLMC-Digital’s coverage is best for members of the former British Empire as well as Haiti. Its holdings for Canada are particularly comprehensive and include many legislative journals and provincial session laws though not more recent in-copyright court reports. Countries outside of these focus areas receive scattered and eclectic coverage of a few titles each. (Appendix A contains a map displaying LLMC-Digital's holdings by country.)