The New York Times, published in New York City since 1851, is the largest metropolitan newspaper in the United States. The online edition of The New York Times, at www.nytimes.com, has been available since 1996.
The Times has long been an important source of reporting, information and opinion, covering politics, finance, health, science, culture, the arts, sports, and fashion in the U.S. and abroad, with special emphasis on the New York metropolitan area.The paper is nicknamed “The Gray Lady,” because of the traditional format and appearance it has retained and its iconic role. An article in Wikipedia1 notes that The Times “stayed with the eight-column format for several years after most papers switched to six, and was one of the last newspapers to adopt color photography.” But in recent years the online version of The Times has increasingly incorporated multimedia content as supplements or main features of reporting, utilizing extensive color photography, datasets, animated information graphics, and video.
As of September 2013 The Times publisher was considering various innovations to boost interest and sales, according to The New Republic.2These include: increasing international circulation; and expanding international coverage and creating specialized resources such as an India blog. An International New York Times was created to replace the former International Herald Tribune. In 2012 The Times introduced a Chinese-language news site, cn.nytimes.com, with reporting by staff based in Shanghai, Beijing and Hong Kong.
A November 2013 article described new niche subscription products targeted for release in 2014, as part of a "Paywalls 2.0" initiative. Specialized digital subscription content is under development in three areas: "Food and Dining"; "Need to Know", a smartphone application for advance news release and web aggregation; and "Opinion" content.3 Additionally, the publishers are considering offering a premium subscription tier which would include special events and other potential customer loyalty programs. In the Appendix to this review, "New York Times and New York Times Digital: Comparing Content Across Platforms," Dorothy Carner compares recent Times subscription data and trends in the level of online access with that of other major digital news media.
Retrospective Content and Archiving
The text of articles published in The Times as early as the 1850s can be found in the nytimes.com, but inclusion of materials from the pre-1996 era is only sporadic. Access through nytimes.com to content from 1923-1986 is limited because of other contractual arrangements for electronic distribution; online subscribers can access up to 100 articles per month without charge for the restricted period. (There is a per article charge beyond this). The content from this period is available in full through ProQuest Historical Newspapers as page images with searchable text (see below).
Some nytimes.com content also has been captured by the Internet Archive Wayback Machine, but that coverage prior to 2012 is limited, and overall coverage of dynamically generated content is not well represented. (See analysis of retrospective coverage of TheTimes in CRL's review of the Wayback Machine.)
The online site, nytimes.com, includes most materials produced for the online edition by both staff and freelance reporters and photographers. It does not maintain in its online archive crtain syndicated content supplied by providers such as Dow Jones, Associated Press, and video “ad servers.” After the New York Times Co. vs. Tasini Supreme Court ruling (2001), The Times retrospectively redacted materials (by free-lance and contract contributors) from its online archives for which it had no clear electronic redistribution rights. (Since Tasini, The Times revised contributor agreements to permit re-use of content in all forms of publication.)
Sources for Online Access (as of November 2013)
In the Appendix to this review, "New York Times and New York Times Digital: Comparing Content Across Platforms," Dorothy Carner compares content available at the nytimes.com site and in various aggregator databases. Current and retrospective Times content is available online through several distribution channels:
In 2011 The Times first implemented a subscription paywall to its Internet edition, limiting free online access to articles to 10 articles per month. Subscribers to the print edition have free access to the website, and to mobile and tablet applications. Individual online subscriptions are available. In September 2013, The Times announced availability of an Academic Site License Program for educational institutions.
Online subscriptions to www.nytimes.com include access to: continuously updated “live” articles in html format and linked multimedia content and interactive features; and some retrospective article content from the print edition from 1890-1923 and 1987 to the present.
Other sources (description from University of Washington Library Guide)4
- ProQuest Newsstand Provides searchable access to Times articles and abstracts of same from June 1, 1980 to the present.
- LexisNexis Academic Provides searchable access to Times articles from June 1, 1980 to the present. No photographs or multimedia content.
- Factiva For quick browsing of text-only content of the current day’s edition and those of the previous two weeks. No photographs or multimedia content.
- ProQuest Historical Newspapers For scanned, searchable page-images of the Times published edition from 1851-2007.
- ProQuest Digital Microfilm For scanned page-images (browsable but not searchable) from 2008-2011.
Some text content from The Times can also be found in databases from EBSCO, Gale (Academic OneFile), and Dialog Newsroom (from ProQuest).