Early Encounters in North America: Peoples, Cultures, and the Environment

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    Early Encounters in North America: Peoples, Cultures, and the Environment documents the relationships among peoples in North America from 1534 to 1850. The collection focuses on personal accounts and provides perspectives from all of the protagonists, including traders, slaves, missionaries, explorers, soldiers, native peoples, and officials, both men and women. This collection provides a wide range of published and unpublished accounts, including narratives, diaries, journals, and letters.

    May 17, 2024 7:37pm
    Major Languages
    Collection Content

    Early Encounters in North America: Peoples, Cultures, and the Environment provides access to 1,482 authors and over 100,000 pages of letters, diaries, memoirs, maps and more than 1,200 images highlighting the relationships among people in North America from 1534-1850.

    The collection includes oral accounts written down by Europeans that came into contact with Indians, speeches, correspondence, and publications produced by Indians, such as Cusick's Sketches of Ancient History of the Six Nations and Copway’s Life, History and Travels.

    Also included in the collection are hundreds of source texts with accounts of early explorations of the colonies at Roanoke and Plimoth (Plymouth); the Cherokee and the Creek; works by Captain Smith, Gosnold, Hakluyt, Hudson, and others; collected accounts of the Americas published in Europe by de Bry (including Alexander Street’s first-ever translation of a volume of de Bry); descriptions of landscapes from William Byrd and Mark Catesby; in-depth studies of missions; extensive accounts by fur traders; detailed descriptions of pioneer settlements; works by Cartier, Champlain, Joliet, Marquette, Hennepin, Radisson, Des Groseilliers, La Salle, Tonti, Bourgmont, the Vérendryes brothers; The Jesuit Relations in their original languages and also translated; the Sioux, Cheyenne, Comanche, Wichita, and Shosoni; the original journals of the Lewis and Clark expedition; the distinct cultures of California; the Apache, Yuma, and Navaho; works by de Vaca, Coronado; the expeditions of Ayala, Quadra, Drake, and others along the Coast of California and the Spanish interior; explorations by Father Kino, de Anza, and Garcés; the surveys of Simpson and Sitgreaves; the explorations of Mackenzie, Pike, and Long; the environmental and cultural impact of the California Gold Rush; and much more.


    The interface uses PhiloLogic software , is in SGML format, and includes Alexander Street Press' semantic indexing.


    Early Encounters in North America: Peoples, Cultures, and the Environment is available on the Web, either through annual subscription or as a one-time purchase of perpetual rights.  CRL is only providing an offer for the one-time purchase of perpetual rights.

    Strengths and Weaknesses

    Strengths with Early Encounters in North America: Peoples, Cultures, and the Environment  is semantic indexing and the various search tools provided through a table of contents, simple search, advanced search, and find sections search.

    The advanced search allows users to search the text and limit the search by keyword in source work, author(s), journal, publisher, publication year, original language, editor or translator, subject heading(s), and document type.  Users are also able to select result format among: occurrences with context, occurrences line by line, frequency by author, frequency by year, frequency by source.

    In addition, images are indexed independently allowing users to search them by date, author, and other identifiers.

    Quick access to the content found in the database can be accessed through the eleven categories found in the browse tab, which includes:

    • Authors - a list of every major author in the database
    • Sources - a complete list of every source (work or manuscripts) in the database
    • Year - every document entry organized by year
    • Encounters - a list of encounters between cultural groups, with all documents pertaining to each event
    • Peoples - a list of all peoples discussed in the database, with all document pertaining to each group
    • Images - a list of all images contained in the database, with a thumbnail of each image
    • Places - reports, letters and diary entries organized by where they are written, sent and their subject
    • Fauna - a list of all animals discussed in the database, with all documents pertaining to each animal
    • Flora - a list of all plant life discussed in the database, with all documents pertaining to each plant
    • Environment - a list of Geophysical Features and Natural Phenomena, with all documents pertaining to each
    • Personal Events and Cultural Events - a list of key life events in the life of an author or significant cultural events, with all documents pertaining to each event

    Most of the information found on this tab was taken from the vendor's description of the product.

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